Visitor Center, Lake Yangcheng Park, Kunshan


A World in a “Wall”

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Sitting at the west suburb of Kunshan, a booming industrial city, the Lake Yangcheng Park of 42.5 hectares is the largest public green space on the lake shore, visited heavily by central-city residents during the week ends. The linear building site lies between the main public parking lot and a curved boardwalk which leads people to the waterfront and other attractions.

By its nature, a visitor center is the front door of a place. But a door presumes the existence of a wall. Considering the linear shape of the site, I feel that it is appropriate to make the building a “wall.” Indeed, people getting out of their cars will see a curved “wall,” 99 meters long and 7.75 meters high, along the entire north side of the parking lot, Three doorways of varied sizes are punched out from the “wall,” opening up passages into the Park. Being accentuated by the surrounding “wall,” the sceneries revealed in the openings appear particularly enticing,

But one will soon find that this is not a simple solid wall. A layer of wood trellises runs parallel to an inner concrete wall. The trellises and future climbing plants make the “wall” appear light and ever-changing. At the west end, the trellis layer deviates from the concrete wall and forms a unique gesture, nodding to the nearby lake shore which is invisible from the parking lot.

The big surprise comes when people enter the doorways. Looking east and west, they will find that the “wall” in fact contains complex spaces between its two concrete exterior shells. Because few solid crossing partitions exist in the building, one can see various spaces, bright and dim, indoor and outdoor, high and low, orthogonal and diagonal, juxtaposed along the longitudinal direction of the cavity. For example, the sunken court under the ramp recalls a shadowy valley studded with trees.

The first floor provides an exhibition space for tourist orientation and several retail shops. A ramp leads visitors to a roof court which connects to a café and another shop. The café has its own roof deck that enjoys the best view of the Lake. The pairing of indoor and outdoor spaces to serve a function is one of the fundamental characteristics of Chinese traditional space.

Visitors passing through the “wall” will find a quiet wood deck connecting the back of the building and the existing boardwalk. Under the shades of dense trees, arriving and leaving tourists can get beers from the nearby shop and enjoy them here.

Project Data

Location Lake Yangcheng Park, Hu-bin Road, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province, China

Project Period 2009-2012

Floor Area 844 square meters

Client Kunshan City Construction, Investment and Development Co., Ltd.


Architecture: Miao Design Studio (Design Architect), Pu Miao; Hanjia Design Group, Shanghai (Architect of Record), Jiang Ninqing

Structure: Shanghai Yuangui Structural Design Inc., Zhang Yewei, Liu Xiao

Engineering: Hanjia Design Group, Mu Lixin, Yu Yang, Wu Qiuyan

Photographer Pu Miao


New Architecture (China, 4/2014), Architectural Review Asia Pacific (Australia, No. 140, 2015), FuturARC (Singapore, Jan.-Feb./2016),





最大的惊奇发生在人们进入门洞时。向东西方向一望,他们会发现在这道“墙”的两面混凝土外壳之间藏着复杂多变的空间。由于建筑内部没有多少横隔墙,游客可以看到沿着建筑内部的长向罗列着各种空间,包括明亮与幽暗的,室内与室外的,高与低,水平与斜面的等等。比如说, 坡道下的下沉庭院让人联想起一个树木林立的浓荫峡谷。




地点 江苏省昆山市湖滨路阳澄湖公园

时间 2009-2012

建筑面积 844 平方米

业主 江苏省昆山城市建设投资发展有限公司


建筑:缪朴设计工作室 缪朴; 汉嘉设计集团 蒋宁清

结构:上海源规建筑结构设计事务所 张业巍,刘潇

设备:汉嘉设计集团 穆立新,于洋,吴秋燕

摄影 缪朴


《新建筑》(4/2014),《Architectural Review Asia Pacific》(澳大利亚, No. 140, 2015),《FuturARC》(新加坡, Jan.-Feb./2016)

Upper left: The west part of the south elevation, as seen from the parking, the middle doorway is to the right.

Upper right: The east part of the south elevation, as seen from the parking, the middle doorway is to the left.

上左: 从停车场看建筑南立面西段,右面为中部门洞。

上右: 从停车场看建筑南立面东段,左面为中部门洞。

Looking north through the west doorway 通过西部门洞北望

Looking north through the east doorway 通过东部门洞北望

West end of the trellis wall in the south elevation 南立面中木格栅的西端

West elevation of the building opens itself toward the Lake


The framing behind the unique west end of the trellis wall


The space between the trellises and the concrete wall


Looking east from the middle doorway 从中部门洞内东望

From the middle doorway looking west along the interior of the building, No crossing partition hinders the views of a lighting well and the distant Lake.


Varied interior space as seen from the east doorway looking east


Shop along the north side and the ramp


The sunken court under the ramp 坡道下的下沉庭院

The ramp 坡道

The middle roof court entered from the ramp 由坡道进入的中部屋顶庭院

From the Café (to be finished) looking east toward the middle roof court and the ramp 从茶室(尚未装修)东望中部屋顶庭院及坡道

Inside the Café (to be finished), with a lighting well to the right


Look north from the interior of the Café (to be finished)


West roof court overlooking the Lake 可了望湖景的西部屋顶庭院

From the middle roof court looking east 从中部屋顶庭院东望

From the Shop at the east end of the second floor looking west


Looking through the middle doorway from the north side of the building


North side of the building, the existing boardwalk is to the left.


Wood deck along the north side of the building 建筑北面的木平台

Site Plan 总平面

First Floor Plan 一层平面

Upper: Second Floor Plan Lower: Roof Plan

上: 二层平面 下: 屋顶平面

Section 剖面